All men can see these tactics whereby I conquer,
but what none can see is the strategy out of which
victory is evolved.
A qui tam lawsuit, or whistleblower lawsuit, is a civil lawsuit initially filed by a private individual against persons or companies that are defrauding the Government. The most common types of fraud in whistleblower lawsuits are:
In addition to stopping fraud against the Government, qui tam or whistleblower lawsuits are rewarded for identifying and helping to eliminate Government fraud. In order to receive the reward for blowing the whistle on Government fraud, you need to right attorney.
The lawyer for the whistleblower, or relator, files the qui tam lawsuit "under seal" with the court. This means that it is kept secret from everyone but the relator, the court, and the Government. The United States Department of Justice, or equivalent State agency depending on which Government is being defrauded, then investigates the claims. The person or company alleged to be committing the fraud is not informed of the lawsuit and, because it is under seal, will not find out about the lawsuit.
The goal is for the Government to do a preliminary investigation and then decide to intervene in the qui tam lawsuit. This is why it is so important to hire a whistleblower lawyer, or qui tam lawyer, that is experienced in investigating fraud and in working with the Government.
The amount of the reward the whistleblower receives depends on many factors. Although a bit of an oversimplification, the general rule is that if the Government intervenes in the case and recovers from the fraudster, the whistleblower, or relator, receives 15 percent to 25 percent of the recovery. If, however, the Government doesnot intervene, but the whistleblower and the whistleblower lawyer still pursues the case, then the whistleblower receives between 25 and 30 percent of the recovery.